Open and Distance Learning Policy Framework – Access, Quality and Cost of Education

“Open and Distance Learning has the exceptional ability of meeting the challenges of the three vectors of dilemma in education delivery, – Access, Quality and Cost.” These were the words of Sir, John Daniel the President of Commonwealth of Learning. The proper answer to the challenges that these three, pose to provision of education for national development, goes a long way in determining the overall growth of a country.

Like a noted maxim said, “to develop a nation, develop the people”. Most nation goes today by providing free or heavily subsidized, accessible and qualitative Education to her citizens especially to children and youths at the elementary and intermediate stage respectively. The open and distance learning mode as a strategy for increasing access and for tremendously enhancing human capital generation.

Again the policy framework should be able to adequately provides the workings for these three vectors. The guidelines should expressly covers and address the challenge of access. This includes the use of wide range cost effective mode of delivering education contents with the aim of tackling the constraint of geographical distance barriers. Here the policy should address the following

  1. Use of postal services
  2. Radio ( both FM stations and SW Station)
  3. National television with national coverage.

For a very long time successive governments in Nigeria for instance, have consistently formulated Policies which were directed towards ensuring that there are equal and adequate educational opportunities at all levels despite the imbalances that pervades the system. Until in 2001, when the government made a bold step with the establishment if a National Open University(NOUN) with a seemingly political will to address profound gap of over 850,000 annual shortfall of candidates denied access to university education.

Open and Distance Learning(ODL) was the Government alternative model to the traditional conventional system, which was rather restricted and limited in scope. In response to the need for a more elastic and accessible model of education, Government opted for a semblance of Open and Distance education system. The use of postal services, radio, television for the pushing the agenda of ODL in this system of education is yet to be fully exploited in NOUN and the ODL system in Nigeria.

The exploitation of these media in implementing the objectives of ODL s very crucial for mass education. This will act and cushion the change effects of the introduction synchronous and synchronous technologies of elearning. In fact, the exploitation of these mass media provide the best platform to introduce these internet technologies for the furtherance of mass education.

A fresh distance learner and an advanced elearner will find these tools very useful in computer training and online learning. With this product you need No books or software needed – Just a windows PC with Internet Explorer/Firefox. Print certificates of completion, with your name on them – great for resumes. Learn what you need to know to pass certification exams. Company managers can view progress reports for employees. 100% 7 day money back guarantee. Pay one time. No hidden fees!

Ways Businesses Can Increase Their Flow of Customers

The last several years have shown a great amount of economic distress and unknowns. Businesses have had their share of hard times and especially those who count on the tourism industry for them to survive and turn a profit. However many companies and businesses are quickly turning around to make their businesses just as successful, if not even more successful than they have ever been.

The recent increased trends in tourism have helped many business owners, both large and small, start to see profits again as they look for innovative ways to bring in customers and clients to their establishments. For example in many places, arguably one of the hardest hit areas of economic downfall, many club owners have called in consultancy services to help them decide what is working and what needs to be improved in their businesses. There are ways for businesses to drum up the business they need without having to do an entire overhaul of their businesses operation.

Perhaps one of the easiest and least expensive ways for business owners to drum up excitement and interest for their business is by starting a social media page for the business. By starting a page and linking it to a few initial friends it has the potential to expand to even more people. Post information not only about your own business but include links to other businesses in the area that may be interesting to someone wishing to travel there. It is possible that some people may have never heard about the area, so by including as many things as possible about the area will increase the likelihood that they would travel there.

Remember, if starting a social media account, to monitor the page and update it often. By keeping in contact and answering comments concerning the area and business being promoted it shows potential customers the type of care and customer service they will receive if they travel there. If someone has posted about their service it is also a good way to thank them for visiting or apologize for any of the businesses possible shortcomings and try to work on them.

Club consultancy services can be great options for businesses looking to do a major overhaul. There are great for larger businesses and restaurants looking to bring in a new demographic or a larger number of customers and clients. They work well because often a fresh pair of eyes looking over an existing business plan can see potential gaps in services or notice things that are not working well.

Most consultancy services have consultants who have a great deal of experience both in business as well as customer service. They have usually had their own businesses or worked at businesses where they had a great deal of insider knowledge therefore they know the inner workings of a successful business venture. They can help with many aspects of a business from hiring staff to renovating restaurants and clubs to be more appealing to larger groups of people.

Other options for businesses looking to bring people in are to offer coupons or samples by mail. Very often individuals may not even be aware that such a business exists. By offering coupons, special discounts or even offers for free and reduced samples can increase their interest. Some areas offer these services to small businesses for a nominal fee and will deliver postcards to all mailing addresses within a certain location or area. However big or small businesses decide to go, in order to drum up their sales and customers by taking any of these measures they can bring business to their area and communities.

Forex Education Tips – 5 Steps to Successful Forex Trading

Close to 95% of all Forex traders will lose money. We’re not just talking about novices, either. Whether you trade Forex for a living, as a hobby or just for fun, odds are against your success. That’s a simply astonishing fact. However, the remaining 5% of Forex traders somehow manage to break even and there are those lucky few that actually make money in the currency market – consistently!Like the TV show says … “How’d they do that, anyway?”That’s the million dollar questions, isn’t it? Countless books, seminars and expos have been hosted to answer this very question. That sad fact is that thousands of books have been written and countless seminars and interviews have been conducted in an attempt to answer the magic questions. The reality of the situation is that there is no magic formula; no one single Holy Grail of Forex trading.So what do the successful traders do that the rest of us have simple not comprehended. They have mastered a process of winning where they combine and customize several factor to produce consistent results. They have mastered the Process of Trading.The Process of Trading is:Strategy > Money Management > Self-MasteryHere are some simple Forex Education tips to help you master the process of forex trading:Success Tip #1 – You’ve Got To Have a PlanYou must have a written business plan that will detail all aspects of your trading. When are you going to trade, how much to risk, strategies for entries and exits are just o name a few. To become a consistent (profitable) Forex trader you have to plan your trade sand trade your plan.

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});
Simplicity rules! Don’t make this plan too complicated. One sheet of paper for you mission statement and another for your trading plan should suffice. Anything more is probably too complicated.Success Tip #2 – Focus on Your Personal PsychologyKnowing yourself will allow you to master the discipline necessary to execute high quality trades with solid money management techniques. Lack of discipline is fatal in Forex trading. Go on a personal journey to identify you attitudes towards risk and money. Get intimate with your strengths and weaknesses as a trader and build in to your trading plan strategies to minimize those weaknesses and maximize your strengths.Different personalities lend to different trading styles. Get familiar with all the different styles and over time you will begin to gravitate towards one particular style. Don’t fight the urge like I did. I insisted I was a day trader, but had only limited results. I found my winning percentages were much higher when I entered swing trades. Guess what’s my bread and butter strategy now!Success Tip #3 – Be Realistic About Your ExpectationsThis is a hard one, I know! I am on the internet every day and the amount of advertising is staggering. Brokers are offering free education (fox in the hen house if you ask me), forums of all different trading styles and points of view. Gurus pushing their system as “the one” that will make you the big bucks. How do you get through all that noise?Let me tell you loud and clear right now – everyone is right and everyone is wrong. You have to make a personal commitment to become a successful trader, find a trading style that works for you and expect a slow and steady approach to wealth building through Forex.What works for me may not work for you. Expect to go through an exploratory period where you are learning and at the same time exploring yourself as a trader. Keep an open mind and don’t pay attention to all the noise out there.Success Tip #4 – Exercise PatienceRome was not built in a day and neither will your trading account. In fact, I tell all of my students that while they are studying to become successful Forex traders they should not look solely at their account balance as an indication of success or failure.By tracking and increasing your percentage of high quality trades you execute is a far better barometer of your progress than your account balance. Cause and effect rule here. Over time when you increase your probabilities through the execution of high quality trades your account balance will respond accordingly.Keep the focus on the process and with time your results will blow your mind.Success Tip #5 – Money Management Is Top PriorityI would rather have a shaky strategy and excellent money management techniques than the other way around. This topic warrants its own blog post to do it justice. Limited your exposure (read “risk”) allows for you to stay in the game and allow the laws of probability to work.

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});
Let’s take a casino for example. They need gamblers to frequent their slot machines to make money. Why? They have a game that has a greater than 50% chance of making money for the house. The more people that play the slots, the greater the casino’s profits.The casino controls risk by payout tables (always favoring the house!) and increases their probabilities by keeping gamblers at the slot machines (read “free drinks”). As a trader you must limit your risk by committing only 1% – 3% of available capital to a single trade. When you execute enough trades with a high probability strategy you too can clean up like the casinos – but only by staying in the game long term.In conclusion, Forex trading is not easy. It’s hard work and will test the limits of your patience and perseverance. If anyone tells you otherwise .., buyers beware! It can be a very rewarding and profitable venture if done correctly. In the end it is a profession that requires a learning curve and practical experience, no different than an airline pilot or engineer. Understanding how to approach and learn this game will allow you to reap all the benefits advertised. It is your Forex Education that you will master the Process of Forex Trading.

The Energy Healing Power of Natural Medicine

Natural medicine is a system that uses a variety of therapeutic or preventive health care practices such as homeopathy, naturopathy, chiropractic, and herbal medicine. Alternative medicine is also known as traditional, naturopathic, natural or holistic medicine. Proponents of alternative medicine are not refuting the validity of discoveries in and the practical uses of conventional medicine, but are merely trying to put some things into perspective. Due to the widespread interest in natural medicine along with the disappointment and disenchantment with Western medicine, many people, especially in the United States and Europe, where conventional medicine has taken a dominant foothold, are seeking the advice and treatment from naturopathic physicians. These practitioners include herbalists, acupuncturists, naturopaths, chiropractors, and others, who advocate preventative health measures as well as recommend wholesome foods and nutritional supplements for their patients and clients. Considering the growing popularity and effectiveness of alternative health treatments and products, certified and licensed professional practitioners of such medical practices should be given their rightful and respectful place in medical society. Natural medicine has been proven not only to be safe, but more effective than Western medicine in treating many chronic illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension, asthma and many other diseases as well

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});
The history of Natural Medicine and its roots can be traced back thousands of years to ancient cultures such as India and China. Ayurvedic (E. Indian) and Chinese medicine, along with their diagnostic and herbal systems, are still used in these countries extensively, as well as in the United States, especially in Europe, where alternative medicine is well respected. Chinese herbal medicine has a documented history of over 2500 years in China, and is now widely used by practitioners all over the world. It has been legally practiced in the United States. since the mid seventies by licensed acupuncturists. Homeopathy is also a well-known form of alternative medicine discovered in the 18th century by German physician Samuel Hahnemann, but was practically stamped out in the U.S. in the late nineteenth century by the American Medical Association. In 1938, though, the U.S. Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act finally recognized homeopathic pharmacopoeia as the legal equivalent of allopathic medicine.Another more contemporary and popular form of herbal medicine, called Western herbalism, can be traced back about two hundred years in America. Samuel Thomson, born in 1769, is considered the father of Western herbalism. He discovered over sixty different medically effective native plants by clinical testing, and on the basis of these findings, devised a theory of disease and botanical drug action. Randy Kidu, D.V.M., Ph.D., writes in his articled entitled A Brief History of Alternative Medicine: “The history of herbal medicine is interesting because herbs have been a part of our diet and pharmacy since man began roaming the earth. Coprophytic evidence (seeds and other plant part(found in preserved fecal pellets) points to herbal use by cavemen. Early herbalists practiced their trade since before recorded history in all parts of the world including China, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Africa, England, the Americas, and Europe. Many herbs are also mentioned in the Bible. Today, based on sheer numbers of folks who use one form of herbal medicine or another, it remains the most-used medicine worldwide.”Twenty-five hundred years after the advent of allopathic medicine, modern medicine is still grappling with the idea that herbal medicine could be an effective treatment, and not just quackery, although thousands of years of recorded history has proved its efficacy. A new model of understanding in medicine needs to be incorporated into the existing allopathic model. Because of the growing popularity and effectiveness of natural medicine, practitioners may eventually be given their deserved place in medical society. The incorporation of natural medical practices into the existing model of conventional Western medicine, including the training of new medical doctors, is now called Complimentary Medicine. In order to solve our health problems, this modern paradigm for treatment in medicine must be promoted. This can only truly emerge when bias, self-interest, greed and discrimination is discarded and diverse medical knowledge is promoted and shared, not only between university trained scientists and medical doctors, but among Alternative Medicine practitioners, philosophers, metaphysicians, and other intelligentsia of society as well.